Messenger RNA Stocks List
|GRNA||C||GreenLight Biosciences Holdings, PBC||2.84|
|DNAY||C||Codex DNA, Inc.||-5.87|
|ELOX||D||Eloxx Pharmaceuticals, Inc.||-3.75|
Related Industries: Biotechnology Medical Devices Other
|MSGR||B||Direxion mRNA ETF||9.66|
|BBH||B||Market Vectors Biotech ETF||6.91|
|GERM||B||ETFMG Treatments Testing and Advancements ETF||6.37|
|IBBQ||B||Invesco Nasdaq Biotechnology ETF||5.85|
|BIB||C||ProShares Ultra Nasdaq Biotechnology||5.48|
Messenger RNA (mRNA) is a large family of RNA molecules that convey genetic information from DNA to the ribosome, where they specify the amino acid sequence of the protein products of gene expression. RNA polymerase transcribes primary transcript mRNA (known as pre-mRNA) into processed, mature mRNA. This mature mRNA is then translated into a polymer of amino acids: a protein, as summarized in the central dogma of molecular biology.
As in DNA, mRNA genetic information is in the sequence of nucleotides, which are arranged into codons consisting of three base pairs each. Each codon encodes for a specific amino acid, except the stop codons, which terminate protein synthesis. This process of translation of codons into amino acids requires two other types of RNA: Transfer RNA (tRNA), that mediates recognition of the codon and provides the corresponding amino acid, and ribosomal RNA (rRNA), that is the central component of the ribosome's protein-manufacturing machinery.
The existence of mRNA was first suggested by Jacques Monod and François Jacob, and subsequently discovered by Jacob, Sydney Brenner and Matthew Meselson at the California Institute of Technology in 1961.
It should not be confused with mitochondrial DNA.